7.8 Scholarly articles related to the case

The articles listed here have been chosen because they address, in some way, topics which have been raised in connection with the "Parker Hulme" case. The reader is on their own to decide whether or not an article contains material which is useful or valid, or not. A word of friendly warning: opinion can get heated and emotion can run a little high concerning the material in these articles, according to my correspondence...

I am always looking for appropriate additions to this list because it is anything but exhaustive. In particular, there is a dearth of articles by women and/or written from a woman's perspective and/or espousing a feminist viewpoint. Glamuzina and Laurie's book contains a very useful bibliography (pp. 197-208); unfortunately, they cite journal articles without page numbers. [jp]

Chesney-Lind, M.
Signs, 12(1): ??? (1986). [G&L]
"Women and crime: The female offender."

Chiswick, D.
British Medical Journal, 283: ??? (1981, Nov. 14). [G&L]

Coates, M.
Nursing Mirror and Midwives Journal, 133(16): 44-46 (1971). [jp]
"Folie a deux."

Corder, B.F. et al.
American Journal of Psychiatry, 133: ??? (1976, Aug. 8). [G&L]
"Adolescent parricide: A comparison with other adolescent murder."

Cormier, B.M. et al.
Journal of Criminology and Correction, No. 1: ??? (1971). [G&L]
"The psychodynamics of homicide committed in a specific relationship."

Duncan, J.W.; Duncan, G.M.
American Journal of Psychiatry, 127(11): ??? (1971). [G&L]
"Murder in the family: A study of some homicidal adolescents."

Edwards, S.S.M.
Women's Studies International Forum, 9(1): ??? (1986). [G&L]
"Neither bad nor mad: The female violent offender reassessed."

Glamuzina, J.; Laurie, A.J.
Sites, no. 19 (Spring 1989), pp. 33-42. [jb]
"Sexual Politics in the 1950s: The Parker-Hulme Murder Case" (see 7.8.2).

Gluckman, L.K.
New Zealand Medical Journal, 63(407): ??? (1966, July). [G&L]
"Lesbianism: A clinical approach."

Hiller, A.E.; Mandish, A.
Australia and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 15: ??? (1982). [G&L]
"Women, crime and criminal justice: The state of current theory and research in Australia and New Zealand."

Kiraly, S.J.
Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 20(3): 223-227 (1975). [jp]
"Folie a deux: A case of 'demonic possession' involving mother and daughter."

Kirkman, Allison.
Women's Studies Journal 8(1), 135-139 (1992). [jb]
"Review of Parker and Hulme: a Lesbian View"
Defends this reexamination of the 1954 murder case. Uses the book's analysis of the crime as a means of discussing NZ society's attitudes towards lesbianism, and the dichotomy of badness or madness they presume. Demonstrates that the murder was characterized as a lesbian crime and that it has continued to influence NZ perceptions of lesbianism and NZ lesbians' views of themselves.

Lange, E.; Ficker, F.
Psychiatria Clinica, 9(3-4): 168-182 (1976). [jp]
"Double suicide and symbiotic psychosis: suicide a deux and folie a deux" (Ger) [jp]
Symbiotic psychoses (induced delusions) are marked by 'solitude by twos' -- together in alienation to the environment. This special psychological situation is dangerous and the foundation to develop 'suicide by twos' (double suicides). The relations between the psychotic partners (domination-subordination) change over to relations of double suicide (instigator-participant). The presuicidal sybiotism of 2 cases is described.

Laurie, A.J.
Sites, 15: ??? (1987, Spring). [G&L]
"Lesbian-Feminism: A Re-view."

Lee, Anna.
Trivia, 9: ??? (1986, Fall). [G&L]
"Therapy, the evil within."

Lloyd, J.H.
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 7(3): 193-199 (1973). [jp]
"Religion and insanity - folie partagee - folie a trois."

MacKenzie, D.F.
New Zealand Medical Journal, Special Number: ??? (1967). [G&L]
"Homosexuality and the Justice Department."

McKnight, C.K. et al.
Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 11(2): ??? (1966, April). [G&L]
"Matricide and mental illness."

Medlicott, R.W.
British Journal of Medical Psychology, 28: 205-223 (1955). [jb]
"Paranoia of the Exalted Type in a Setting of Folie a Deux: A Study of Two Adolescent Homicides" (see 7.8.1).
Glamuzina and Laurie criticize this paper in detail in their book.

Medlicott, R.W.
New Zealand Law Journal, 37(22): pp ??? - ??? (1961). [sb]
"Some reflections on the Parker-Hulme and Leopold-Loeb cases with special reference to the concept of omnipotence."
p. 347: "From what I have heard from various sources neither girl was a serious problem in prison but I suspect the basic core of their arrogance persisted."

Medlicott, R.W.
British Journal of Medical Psychology, 43: 271-279 (1970). [sb]
"An examination of the necessity for a concept of evil: some aspects of evil as a form of perversion."
p. 277: "The two girls have ultimately redeemed themselves and are now leading reasonably constructive lives. Like Raskolnikov they illustrate that adoption of evil is not necessarily irreversible."
Glamuzina and Laurie criticize this paper in some detail in their book.

Medlicott, R.W.
New Zealand Medical Journal, 91(655): 181-184 (1980). [jp]
"The psychiatric aspects of violence."

Mohr, J.W.; McKnight, C.K.
Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 16: ??? (1971). [G&L]
"Violence as a function of age and relationship with special reference to matricide."

Mouridsen, S.E.; Tolstrup, K.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 29(4): 511-515 (1988). [jp]
"Children who kill: a case study of matricide."
Only a small number of children who murder have been reported in the literature. Matricide in particular is infrequently mentioned. The examination and treatment of a 9-year-old boy who intentionally killed his mother is presented. No severe family conflicts or other psychogenic factors which could explain the action were found. ...no somatic pathology was verified. ...the boy was psychotic, probably suffering from a schizophrenic disorder which is presumed to have developed in the years preceding the matricide.

New Zealand Department of Justice.
Regina vs Pauline Yvonne Parker and Juliet Marion Hulme: Transcripts of Supreme Court Proceedings. 1954. [jb]
[I don't yet know how to get access to these. jp]

d'Orban, P.T.; O'Connor, A.
British Journal of Psychiatry, 154: 27-33 (1989). [jp]
"Women who kill their parents."
The literature on parricide is reviewed with special reference to women. 17 female parricides (14 matricides, 3 parricides) were identified: in a remand prison (11), a Special Hospital (5) and a Regional Service Unit (1). 6 were schizophrenic, 5 had psychotic depression, 3 had personality disorders, 1 was alcoholic. 2 of the patricides had no psychiatric disorders but retaliated against violent fathers. Regardless of psychiatric diagnosis matricides were mostly single, socially-isolated women in mid-life, living alone with a domineering mother in a mutually-dependent but hostile relationship. Similar characteristics are found in male matricides, who are predominantly schizophrenic. It is suggested that these features are of greater significance in matricide than the specific form of psychiatric disorder. Compared with filicides, matricides were significantly older, were single, and more often suffered from mental illness and substance abuse. Attention is drawn to the possible homicidal risk associated with delusions of poisoning and hypochondriacal delusions.

Phillipp, E.
New Zealand Medical Journal, 67(430): ??? (1968). [G&L]
"Homosexuality as seen in a New Zealand city practice."

Rubinstein, L.H.
British Journal of Medical Psychology, 42(2): 99-108 (1966). [jp]
"The theme of Electra and Orestes: a contribution to the psychopathology of matricide."

Salama, A.A.; Wilson, R.
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 27(4): 334-335 (1982). [jp]
"Two sisters folie a deux: a case study of attempted suicide."

Saliah, M.A.
British Journal of Psychiatry, 139: 62-67 (1981). [jp]
"Suicide pact in a setting of folie a deux."
2 women friends. Their shared delusion was based on their life situation and experience.

Sargent, D.
Social Work, 7: ??? (1962). [G&L]
"Children who kill - a family conspiracy?"

Scherl, D.J.; Mack, J.E.
Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychology, 5(4):569-593 (1966) [jp]
"A study of adolescent matricide."

Sheppard, C.
Canadian Journal of Criminology and Corrections, 13(1): ??? (1971). [G&L]
"Towards a better understanding of the violent offender."

Simmonds, J.F.; Glenn, T.
Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 6(1): 61-73 (1976). [jp]
"Folie a deux in a child."
Folie a deux is the transference of delusional ideas and behaviours from one person to another with whom there has been a close association. Its occurrence in children has been rarely described in the literature, which was reviewed for case reports, diagnostic criteria and etiological theories. A detailed case history of a 10-year-old girl who had delusions of special powers and delusions of persecution as well as hypochondriacal and hysterical symptoms is presented as an example of folie a deux between child and parent. This girl had developed a symbiotic incestuous relationship with her stepfather, a paranoid schizophrenic patient. Six criteria for making the diagnosis of folie a deux in a child were applied to the case studied. General and specific aspects of treating this disorder were discussed.

Soni, S.D.; Rockley, G.J.
British Journal of Psychiatry, 125(0): 230-235 (1974). [jp]
"Socio-clinical substrates of folie a deux."

Sosin, Deborah Ann.
Adolescent Psychiatry, Developmental and Clinical Studies, XI: ??? (1983). [G&L]
"The diary as a transitional object in female adolescent development."

Stirling, Pamela.
Listener, 130(2681), 12-16 (1991). [jb]
"Let's moider mother."
Outlines the Parker and Hulme case. Talks to Alison Laurie and Julie Glamuzina about their book 'Parker and Hulme: a lesbian view' which discusses the murder and society's reaction to it from a lesbian feminist viewpoint.

Tate, A.B.
The Australian Police Journal, : ??? (1955, July). [G&L] "The Parker-Hulme Murder"
[note: I would really like to get a copy of this. jp]

Tucker, L.S. Jr.; Cornwall, T.P.
American Journal of Psychiatry, 134(10): 1146-1147 (1977). [jp]
"Mother-son folie a deux: a case of attempted patricide."

Weeks, R.B.; Kelly, G.L.
Child Psychology and Human Development, 5(3): 131-141 (1975). [jp]
"Folie a deux or not folie a deux."

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